“What we are today comes from our thoughts of yesterday, and our present thoughts build our life tomorrow: our life is the creation of our mind” 

 

Buddha

 

 

                        

Cognitive Therapy

Cognitive behavioural therapy (the father of Cognitive Therapy) can be traced back to the 1950s. Psychotherapist Albert Ellis developed the RET (Rational Emotive Therapy) approach in response to his frustrations regarding aspects of psychoanalysis. Another psychotherapist named Aaron T Beck would advance some of these theories and also make a major contribution to the movement with his development of Cognitive Therapy. It was largely a result of experiments he conducted to test traditional psychoanalytical ideas about depression. His seminal work Depression: Causes and Treatment (1967) was highly influential and set out his findings and theories about the Cognitive approach.

Cognitive Therapy is a here-and-now type of psychotherapy. Its therapists aim to help their clients identify negative thought patterns and replace them with more positive beliefs. The approach is usually time-limited with strong emphasis placed on problem-solving and behavioural alteration.

Cognitive Therapy is based on the Cognitive model. It takes as its premise the idea that people's emotions are heavily influenced by their own personal perceptions about certain stimuli. In other words, it is not the situation that is perceived to have an effect, but rather people's own thoughts regarding a situation. Cognitive therapists encourage individuals to confront these thought patterns and consider whether or not they are reasonable.
 
Cognitive psychotherapy has been used extensively over the past 40 years, to treat a wide range of conditions. Depression is the most commonly addressed problem but the Cognitive approach is also suitable for many other issues. The amount of sessions is dependent upon an agreement between therapist and client.